VOYAGER observations of the extended hydrogen exosphere of Uranus and of the σ Ring and its shepherds set an upper limit to the age of the σ Ring of 6 × 108 years. Unless we are seeing Uranus at a special time in its history, this requires a continuing process to create the ring material. We propose that the moons, rings and dust now visible in the Uranus system are created by the diminution of larger objects by meteoroid impacts. A Monte Carlo calculation shows that the largest surviving fragments of the original precursor satellites are in the size range of the new satellites observed by Voyager near the rings. The current bombardment rate is sufficient to create all the observed rings and dust bands. The observed and inferred components of the Uranus ring system fit a power-law size distribution with index of ∼3. We predict that the material in Neptune's ring system has a similar size distribution.
Subscribe to Journal
Get full journal access for 1 year
only $3.90 per issue
All prices are NET prices.
VAT will be added later in the checkout.
Rent or Buy article
Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.
All prices are NET prices.
Broadfoot, A. L. et al. Science 233, 74–79 (1986).
Goldreich, P. & Porco, C. C. Astr. J. 93, 730–737 (1987).
Porco, C. C. & Goldreich, P. Astr. J. 93, 724–729 (1987).
Peale, S. J. in Satellites (eds Burns, J. A. & Matthews. M. S.) 159–223 (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1986).
Smith, B. A. et al. Science 233, 43–64 (1986).
Cuzzi, J. N. & Burns, J. A. Icarus 74, 284–324 (1988).
Durisen, R. H. in Planetary Rings (eds Greenberg, R. A., Brahic, A.) 416–446 (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1984).
Grün, E., Zook, H. A., Fechtig, H. & Giese, R. H. Icarus 62, 244–272 (1985).
Plescia, J. B. J. geophys. Res. 92, 14,918–14,932 (1987).
Greenberg, R., Wacker, J. F., Hartmann, W. K. & Chapman, C. R. Icarus 35, 1–26 (1978).
Ockert, M. E., Cuzzi, J. N., Porco, C. C. & Johnson, T. V. J. geophys. Res. 92, 14969–14978 (1987).
Lane A. L. et al. Science 233, 65–70 (1986).
Lissauer, J. J., Squyres, S. W. & Hartmann, W. K. J. geophys. Res. 93, 13776–13804 (1988).
Sykes, M. V. & Greenberg, R. Icarus 65, 51–69 (1986).
Hartmann, W. K. Icarus 10, 201–213 (1969).
Burns, J. A., Showalter, M. R. & Morfill, G. E. 200–272. in Planetary Rings (eds Greenberg, R. & Brahic, A.) 200–272 (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1984).
About this article
Cite this article
Esposito, L., Colwell, J. Creation of the Uranus rings and dust bands. Nature 339, 605–607 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1038/339605a0
Space Science Reviews (2019)
Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences (2010)