Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Baby universes and making the cosmological constant zero

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. Hawking, S.W. Phys. Rev. D37, 904–910 (1988).

    ADS  MathSciNet  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Lavrelashvili, G.V., Rubakov, V.A. & Tinyakov, P.-G. JETP Lett. 46, 167–169 (1987).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Giddings, S. & Strominger, A. Nucl. Phys. B (in the press).

  4. Coleman, S. Nucl. Phys. B310, 643–668 (1988).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Abbott, L.F. Sci. Am. 256, 106–113 (1988).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Weinberg, S. Rev. mod. Phys. (in the press).

  7. Hawking, S.W. in Relativity, Groups and Topology II (eds De Witt, B. & Stora, R.) 314–349 (North-Holland, 1983).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hartle, J.B. & Hawking, S.W. Phys. Rev. D28, 2960 (1983).

    ADS  MathSciNet  Google Scholar 

  9. Hawking, S.W. Phys. Lett. B134, 403–404 (1984).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Linde, A. Phys. Lett. B200, 272–274 (1988).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Abbott, L. Baby universes and making the cosmological constant zero. Nature 336, 711–712 (1988).

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

Further reading


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing