Article | Published:

Tidal disruption of stars by black holes of 106–108 solar masses in nearby galaxies

Nature volume 333, pages 523528 (09 June 1988) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

Stars in galactic nuclei can be captured or tidally disrupted by a central black hole. Some debris would be ejected at high speed', the remainder would be swallowed by the hole, causing a bright flare lasting at most a few years. Such phenomena are compatible with the presence of 106–108 M holes in the nuclei of many nearby galaxies. Stellar disruption may have interesting consequences in our own Galactic Centre if a 106 M hole lurks there.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    Nature 254, 295–298 (1975).

  2. 2.

    Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 182, 517–530 (1978).

  3. 3.

    Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 184, 87–99 (1978).

  4. 4.

    , & Astrophys. J. 212, 367–382 (1977).

  5. 5.

    Astrophys. J. 283, L27–L30 (1984).

  6. 6.

    Astrophys. J. 286, 97–105 (1984).

  7. 7.

    in Elliptical Galaxies (ed. de Zeeuw, T.) 17–36 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1987).

  8. 8.

    Astrophys. J. 325, 128–141 (1988).

  9. 9.

    & Astrophys. J. 324, 701–713 (1988).

  10. 10.

    & Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 152, 461–475 (1971).

  11. 11.

    & Astrophys. J. 293, 445–458 (1985).

  12. 12.

    Science 233, 1394–1400 (1986).

  13. 13.

    & A. Rev. Astr. Astrophys. 25, 377–423 (1987).

  14. 14.

    in Large Scale Characteristics of the Galaxy (ed. Burton, W. B.) 395–400 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1979).

  15. 15.

    & Astr. Astrophys. 86, 315–320 (1980).

  16. 16.

    & Astr. Astrophys. 95, 39–45 (1981).

  17. 17.

    & Astrophys. J. 209, 214–232 (1976).

  18. 18.

    & Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 176, 633–647 (1976).

  19. 19.

    & Astrophys. J. 211, 244–262 (1977).

  20. 20.

    Astrophys. J. 242, 1232–1237 (1980).

  21. 21.

    Nature 331, 687–689 (1988).

  22. 22.

    , & Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 172, 15P–18P (1975).

  23. 23.

    & Astrophys. J. 213, 183–192 (1977).

  24. 24.

    & Astrophys. J. 310, 176–188 (1986).

  25. 25.

    & Nature 296, 211–214 (1982).

  26. 26.

    , & Astrophys. J. 262, 120–134 (1982).

  27. 27.

    in The Milky Way Galaxy (eds van Woerden, H. et al.) 379–383 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1985).

  28. 29.

    Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 187, 883–904 (1979).

  29. 29.

    & Astrophys. J. Suppl. 61, 219–248 (1986).

  30. 30.

    in Gravitation in Astrophysics (eds Carter, B. and Hartle, J. B.) 215–228 (Reidel, Dordrecht, 1987).

  31. 31.

    & Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 212, 56–75 (1985).

  32. 32.

    Astrophys. J. 212, 227–233 (1977).

  33. 33.

    in The Galactic Center (eds Riegler, G. R. & Blandford, R. D.) 166–176 (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1982).

  34. 34.

    & Nature 319, 191–194 (1986).

  35. 35.

    Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 190, 217–225 (1980).

  36. 36.

    & in The Galactic Center (ed. Backer, D. C.) 163–165 (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1987).

  37. 37.

    & Astrophys. J. 239, 893–897 (1980).

  38. 38.

    , , & in Positron-Electron Pairs in Astrophysics (eds Burns, M. L. et al.) 253–266 (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1985).

  39. 39.

    in The Galactic Center (ed. Backer, D. C.) 181–183 (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1987).

  40. 40.

    in The Galactic Center (ed. Backer, D. C.) 71–78 (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1987).

  41. 41.

    Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc. 220, 949–969 (1986).

  42. 42.

    Nature 322, 614–615 (1986).

  43. 43.

    & Nature (submitted).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Institute of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 OHA, UK

    • Martin J. Rees

Authors

  1. Search for Martin J. Rees in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/333523a0

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.