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Rapid analysis and efficient selection of human transduced primitive hematopoietic cells using the humanized S65T green fluorescent protein

Abstract

We have developed an efficient and rapid method to analyze transduction in human hematopoietic cells and to select them. We constructed two retroviral vectors using the recombinant humanized S65T green fluorescent protein (rHGFP) gene. Transduced cells appeared with specific green fluorescence on microscopy or fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) analysis. The rHGFP gene was placed under the control of two different retroviral promotors (LTR) in the LGSN vector and in the SF-GFP vector. Amphotropic retroviruses were tested on NIH/3T3 fibroblasts or human hematopoietic (K562, TF-1) cell lines. Then CD34+ cells isolated from cord blood were infected three times after a 48-h prestimulation with IL-3, IL-6, SCF or with IL-3, IL-6, SCF, GM-CSF, Flt3-L and TPO. After 6 days of expansion, a similar number of total CD34+-derived cells, CD34+ cells and CFC was obtained in non-transduced and transduced cells, demonstrating the absence of toxicity of the GFP. A transduction up to 46% in total CD34+-derived cells and 21% of CD34+ cells was shown by FACS analysis. These results were confirmed by fluorescence of colonies in methyl-cellulose (up to 36% of CFU-GM and up to 25% of BFU-E). The FACS sorting of GFP+ cells led to 83–100% of GFP-positive colonies after 2 weeks of methyl-cellulose culture. Moreover, a mean gene transfer efficiency of 8% was also demonstrated in long-term culture initiating cells (LTC-IC). This rapid and efficient method represents a substantial improvement to monitor gene transfer and retroviral expression of various vectors in characterized human hematopoietic cells.

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Mazurier, F., Moreau-Gaudry, F., Maguer-Satta, V. et al. Rapid analysis and efficient selection of human transduced primitive hematopoietic cells using the humanized S65T green fluorescent protein. Gene Ther 5, 556–562 (1998). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.gt.3300602

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Keywords

  • rHGFP
  • FACS
  • fluorescence microscopy
  • retrovirus-mediated gene transfer
  • primitive hematopoietic cells
  • gene therapy

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