Microaggregates of non-noble metals and bimetallic alloys prepared by radiation-induced reduction

Abstract

The high specific area of metallic microaggregates, together with their ability to transfer electrons more readily than the corresponding bulk metals1–4, makes this highly dispersed state of matter important in fields such as catalysis, photography and nucleation studies. But the successful preparation of very small microaggregates by radiation-induced reduction of metallic ions has only been reported for noble metals1–8. We describe here the extension of the method both to non-noble metals such as Co, Ni, Zn or Pb, where the strong reactivity of the separate metal atoms and native clusters must be overcome, and to bimetallic particles (such as Cu3↕Pd) which exhibit perfectly ordered structures9. Both kinds of aggregates have many potential applications, the foremost being in catalysis.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Haissinsky, M. in Radiation Chemistry (eds Dobo, J. & Hedvig, P.) 1353–1365 (Akademiai Kiado, Budapest, 1972).

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Delcourt, M. O. & Belloni, J. Radiochem. radioanalyt. Lett. 13, 329–338 (1973).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Henglein, A. Ber. Bunsenges. phys. Chem. 81, 556–561 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Henglein, A. & Tausch-Treml, R. J. Colloid Interface 80, 84–93 (1981).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Fujita, H., Isawa, M. & Yamazaki, H. Nature 196, 666–667 (1962).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Belloni, J., Delcourt, M.O. & Leclere, C. Nouv. J. Chim. 6, 507–509 (1982).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Delcourt, M. O., Belloni, J., Marignier, J. L., Mory, C. & Colliex, C. Radiat. Phys. Chem. 23, 485–487 (1983).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Delcourt, M. O., Keghouche, N. & Belloni, J. Nouv. J. Chim. 7, 131–136 (1983).

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Belloni-Cofler, J., Marigner, J. L., Delcourt-Euverte, M. O. & Miñana-Lourseau, M. CNRS French Patent, 84.09196 (13 June 1984).

  10. 10

    Henglein, A. J. phys. Chem. 83, 2858–2862 (1979).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Butler, J. & Henglein, A. Radiat. phys. Chem. 15, 603–612 (1980).

    ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. 12

    Buxton, G. V., Rhodes, T. & Sellers, R. M. JCS Faraday Trans. I. 78, 3341–3356 (1982).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Henglein, A. Ber. Bunsenges. phys. Chem. 84, 253–259 (1980).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14

    Anbar, M., Bambeneck, M. & Ross, A. B. Nat. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Nat. Bur. Stand. 43 (1973).

  15. 15

    Ross, A. B. Nat. Stand. Ref. Data Ser., Nat. Bur. Stand. 43, Suppl. (1975).

  16. 16

    Kelm, M., Lilie, J., Henglein, A. & Janata, E. J. phys. Chem. 78, 882–887 (1974).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17

    Freiberg, M. & Meyerstein, D. JCS Faraday Trans. I 73, 622–631 (1977).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18

    Marks, L. D. & Smith, D. J. J. Microsc. 130, 249–261 (1983).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Marignier, J., Belloni, J., Delcourt, M. et al. Microaggregates of non-noble metals and bimetallic alloys prepared by radiation-induced reduction. Nature 317, 344–345 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1038/317344a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing