Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

High-power solid-state lasers

Abstract

Laser power has increased by 11 orders of magnitude since Maiman's first demonstration of 103 W in 1960. Present high-power solid-state laser systems have been irradiating targets with 1–10 terawatts of power in 1-ns pulses at wavelengths varying from 1.05 to 0.26 µm. The Nova laser is beginning experiments in the 10 to 100-terawatt range. There are numerous possible means of extending solid-state technology to the 500 to 1,000-terawatt level and to efficient, high-average-power operation.

This is a preview of subscription content

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. Basov, N. G. & Krokhin, O. N. in Proc. 3rd Quantum Electron. Int. Conf., Paris, Vol. 2, 1373–1377 (Columbia University Press, 1964).

  2. Nuckolls, J. H., Wood, L. L., Thiessen, A. R. & Zimmerman, G. B. Nature 239, 139–142 (1972).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Emmett, J. L., Nuckolls, J. H. & Wood, L. L. Scient. Am. 230, 24–37 (June 1974).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Ze, F. et al. Nucl. Fusion (in the press).

  5. Matthews, D. L. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 110–113 (1985).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Rosen, M. D. et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 106–109 (1985).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Schwarz, H. J. & Hora, H. Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, Vols 1–6 (Plenum, New York, 1971-84).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  8. Maiman, T. H., Hoskins, R. H., D'Haenens, I. J., Asawa, C. K. & Evtuhov, V. Phys. Rev. 4, 1151–1157 (1961).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Laser Program a. Rep. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory 1971-84 (UCRL-50021-71 to -84).

  10. Emmett, J. L., Krupke, W. & Davis, J. I. IEEE. J. quant. Electron. 20, 591–602 (1984).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Seka, W. et al. Optics Commun. 34, 469–473 (1980).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Craxton, R. S. Optics Commun. 34, 474–478 (1980).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Linford, G. J. et al. Appl Opt. 21, 3633–3643 (1982); 22, 1957–1958 (1983).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Rhodes, C. K. (ed.) Excimer Lasers 2nd ed (Springer, New York, 1984).

  15. Brederlow, G., Witte, K. J., Fill, E., Hohla, K. & Volk, R. IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-12, 152–155 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Emmett, J. L., Krupke, W. F. & Trenholme, J. B. Physics of Laser Fusion. The Future Development of High-Power Solid State Laser Systems Vol. 4 (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory UCRL-53344, November 1982).

    Book  Google Scholar 

  17. Holzrichter, J. F. et al. J. Fusion Energy 2, 5–45 (1982).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Simmons, W. W. et al. in Proc. 9th Symp. Engng Problems of Fusion Res., Chicago, October 1981, Vol. 2, 1221–1273 (IEEE Publ. No. 81CH1715-2 NPS).

  19. Hunt, J. T., Glaze, J. A., Simmons, W. W. & Renard, P. A. Appl. Opt. 17, 2053–2057 (1978).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  20. Nuckolls, J. H. Phys. Today 35, 24–31 (1982).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Proc. Symp. on Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials (National Bureau of Standards Spec. Publ. 1976-84).

  22. Manes, K. et al. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Rep. UCRL-90054-Rev. 1 (1984).

  23. Manes, K. R. & Simmons, W. W. J. opt. Soc. Am. A2, 528–538 (1985).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  24. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Rep. UCRL-52000-85-2 (February 1985).

  25. Holzrichter, J. F., Campbell, E. M., Lindl, J. D. & Storm, E. Science (in the press).

  26. Henesian, J. F., Swift, C. D. & Murray, J. R. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Rep. Rep. UCRL-92621 (May 1985).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Holzrichter, J. High-power solid-state lasers. Nature 316, 309–314 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1038/316309a0

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/316309a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing