Vertical disparity pooling and the induced effect


If the image received by one eye is vertically magnified by a small amount then an illusory tilt is perceived around the vertical axis through the fixation point. This is known as the induced effect1 and it can be explained by a recent computational theory of binocular vision2–4 which treats it as a side-effect of the use of vertical disparities to recover information about the distance to the fixation point and the angle of gaze. We have investigated the consequences of introducing vertical magnifications of some parts of a scene and not others and report here that there is a simple linear relationship between the size of the induced effect and the average vertical magnification. This suggests that a pooling strategy is adopted in the measurement of vertical disparities, a result which fits in well with expectations of the theory.

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Stenton, S., Frisby, J. & Mayhew, J. Vertical disparity pooling and the induced effect. Nature 309, 622–623 (1984).

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