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Rare earth elements in seawater near hydrothermal vents

Abstract

Rare earth element (REE) patterns in the deep Pacific are strongly depleted in the lighter elements and have a large negative cerium anomaly. These REE patterns and associated concentration–depth profiles are maintained by regeneration in deep waters modified by preferential scavenging of the lighter elements. Scavenging by iron- and manganese-rich hydrothermal plumes might explain why vast areas of sediments far removed from spreading centres contain a metalliferous component.

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Klinkhammer, G., Elderfield, H. & Hudson, A. Rare earth elements in seawater near hydrothermal vents. Nature 305, 185–188 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1038/305185a0

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