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Origin of Hawaiian tholeiite and alkalic basalt

Naturevolume 302pages785789 (1983) | Download Citation

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Abstract

Haleakala Volcano consists of a tholeiitic basalt shield overlain by alkalic lavas. As a function of decreasing age, La/Ce, Ba/La, Nb/La, Rb/Sr and 143Nd/144Nd increase but Sm/Nd and 87Sr/86Sr decrease. Inverse correlations between these isotopic ratios and their respective parent/daughter abundance ratios are consistent with mixing of melts derived from an enriched mantle composition with melts formed by <1% melting of a mid-ocean ridge basalt source.

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Author notes

    • Chu-Yung Chen

    Present address: Environmental Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois, 61801, USA

Affiliations

  1. Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 02139, USA

    • Chu-Yung Chen
    •  & Frederick A. Frey

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https://doi.org/10.1038/302785a0

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