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Dürer and geometry: Symmetry in an enigma

Nature volume 301, pages 197198 (20 January 1983) | Download Citation


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    & Symmetry in Science and Art (trans. Archard, G.D.) (Plenum, New York, 1974); An Introduction to Crystallography (Longmans, London, 1946), defined crystal ‘form’ as ‘the assemblage of faces necessitated by the symmetry when one face is given’. See Fig. 15, a truncated obtuse rhombohedron, cited in ref. 9.

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    Jacques-Louis, Comte de Bournon Traité Complet de la Chaux Carbonatée et de l'Arragonite, Fig.156 (Phillips, London, 1808).

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    Der Kristall auf Dürers Melancholie (Koch, Nürnberg, 1922); for a correct identification of the figure see Studien zur deutschen Kunstgeschichte 23 (1900).

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    The Chemical Philosophy; Paracelsian Science and Mathematics in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries (Science History Publications, New York, 1977); Proc. biol. Soc. Wash. 82, 561 (1969) and in Art and Science in the Renaissance (eds Hoeniger, D. & Shirley, J.) (Princeton University Press, in the press). On symmetry in Renaissance painting, see The Art Q. 1, 59 (1977); in The Writings of Robert Smithson (ed. Holt, N.) (New York University Press, 1979).

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  1. Program Director in the Institute for Cultural Progress, 2913 29th Street NW, Washington, DC.

    • Philip C. Ritterbush


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