Article | Published:

New evidence from Fraser Cave for glacial age man in south-west Tasmania

Nature volume 301, pages 2832 (06 January 1983) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

The discovery of a rich archaeological occupation site in the Franklin River valley of south-west Tasmania dated at 15–20 kyr BP is described. The stone tools found support the view that the Tasmanian industries were derived from contemporary mainland Australian ones when the two were still connected. Faunal remains from human hunting and cooking activities indicate a hunting strategy targetted at a few favoured species, especially the large wallaby. No extinct megafaunal species were present. During the height of the last ice age, these glacier edge hunters of southern Tasmania were then the most southerly humans on Earth.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    in Aboriginal Tribes of Australia (ed. Tindale N. B.) 319 (University of California Press, San Francisco, 1974).

  2. 2.

    Plomley, N. J. B. (ed.) Friendly Mission: the Tasmanian Journals and Papers of George Augustus Robinson, 1829–1834 (Tasmanian Historical Research Association, Hobart, 1966).

  3. 3.

    Explorers of Western Tasmania, 124 (Mary Fisher Bookshops, Launceston, 1980).

  4. 4.

    & Mankind 11, 2 (1977).

  5. 5.

    , & Archaeol. Phys. Anthropol. Oceania 15, 142 (1980).

  6. 6.

    in The South West Book (eds Gee, H. & Fenton, J.) 126 (Australian Conservation Foundation, Melbourne, 1978).

  7. 7.

    Pap. Proc. R. Soc. Tasmania 107, 191 (1980).

  8. 8.

    Wilderness Caves of the Gordon-Franklin River System (Centre for Environmental Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, 1979).

  9. 9.

    J. Sydney Speleol. Soc. 23, 51 (1979).

  10. 10.

    et al. Quaternary Excursion to Northwest Tasmania (University of Tasmania, Hobart, 1979).

  11. 11.

    thesis, Univ. Tasmania, Hobart (1980).

  12. 12.

    Nature 252, 697 (1974).

  13. 13.

    in Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric Studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia (eds. Alien, J. Golson, J. Jones, R.) 205 (Academic, London, 1977).

  14. 14.

    & Meteoritics 14, 283 (1979).

  15. 15.

    thesis, Univ. Sydney (1971).

  16. 16.

    thesis, Australian National Univ., Canberra (1979).

  17. 17.

    , , & Wld Archaeol. 2, 39 (1970).

  18. 18.

    , & Nature 240, 48 (1972).

  19. 19.

    Nature 246, 278 (1973).

  20. 20.

    The Prehistory of Australia, 210 (Penguin, Melbourne, 1975).

  21. 21.

    & Bull. Soc. prehistor. Française 76, 463 (1979).

  22. 22.

    Archaeol. Phys. Anthropol. Oceania 15, 81 (1980).

  23. 23.

    , & Artefact 3, 139 (1978).

  24. 24.

    Archaeol. Phys. Anthropol. Oceania 15, 86 (1980).

  25. 25.

    in Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric Studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia (ed. Alien, J., Golson, J. & Jones, R.) 317 (Academic, London, 1977).

  26. 26.

    in Tasmanian Year Book Vol. 15, 6 (Hobart, 1981).

  27. 27.

    in Pleistocene Extinctions; the Search for Causes (eds Martin, P. S. & Klein, R. G.) (University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 1982).

  28. 28.

    Ann. Rev. Anthropol. 8, 445 (1979).

  29. 29.

    & in Sunda and Sahul: Prehistoric Studies in Southeast Asia, Melanesia and Australia (eds Allen, J., Golson, J. & Jones, R.) 275 (Academic, London, 1977).

  30. 30.

    Geogr. Rev. 28, 250 (1938).

  31. 31.

    Anales del Instituto de la Patagonia Vol. 8, 81 (Punta Arenas, Chile, 1977).

  32. 32.

    , , & Geol. Soc. Am. Mem. 145, 337 (1976).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Department of Geography, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania

    • Kevin Kiernan
  2. Department of Prehistory, Research School of Pacific Studies, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia

    • Rhys Jones
  3. Archaeological Section, Tasmanian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Hobart, Tasmania

    • Don Ranson

Authors

  1. Search for Kevin Kiernan in:

  2. Search for Rhys Jones in:

  3. Search for Don Ranson in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/301028a0

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.