Persistent X-ray emission from a γ-ray burst source

Abstract

A quiescent X-ray source detected with the Einstein X-ray Observatory in a location consistent with that of an intense γ-ray burst1–3 is shown here to be also consistent with the location of the 1928 optical transient4, the likely optical counterpart of the γ-ray burst source GBS0117 – 29. The probable maximum X-ray luminosity is only 1031 erg s−1 and supports the hypothesis that either γ bursts are produced by accretion instabilities5,6 or, if due to published models for a thermonuclear flash7, they recur with intervals 50 yr. Such long recurrence times may be inconsistent with limits inferred from both the γ burst observations8 and optical data4.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Cline, T. L. et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 246, L133–L136 (1981).

  2. 2

    Pizzichini, G. et al. Space Sci. Rev. 30, 467–470 (1981).

  3. 3

    Pizzichini, G. et al. Proc. Paris Cosmic Ray Conf. XG 2.2–2, 40–44 (1981).

  4. 4

    Schaefer, B. E. Nature 294, 722–724 (1981).

  5. 5

    Lamb, D. Q., Lamb, F. K. & Pines, D. Nature phys. Sci. 246, 52–54 (1973).

  6. 6

    Kafka, P. & Meyer, F. submitted to Gravity Research Foundation Competition (MPI Preprint 1981).

  7. 7

    Woosley, S. in Gamma Ray Transients and Related Astrophysical Phenomena (eds Lingen-felter, R. E. Hudson, H. S. & Worrall, D. M.) 273–292 (American Institute of Physics, 1982).

  8. 8

    Mazets, E. P. & Golenetskii, S. V. Astrophys. Space Sci, 75, 47–81 (1981).

  9. 9

    Hjellming, R. M. & Ewald, S. P. Astrophys. J. Lett. 246, L137–L140 (1981).

  10. 10

    Giacconi, R. et al. Astrophys. J. 230, 540–550 (1979).

  11. 11

    Pizzichini, G. et al. Proc. Munich Conf. on Neutron Stars (in the press).

  12. 12

    Maccacaro, T. et al. Astrophys. J. 253, 504–511 (1982).

  13. 13

    Schaefer, B. E. & Ricker, G. R. Nature (submitted)

  14. 14

    Pedersen, H. et al. IAU Circ. No. 3711 (1982).

  15. 15

    Colgate, S. & Petschek, A. Astrophys. J. 248, 771–782 (1981).

  16. 16

    Wallace, R. K., Woosley, S. E. & Weaver, T. A. Astrophys. J. 258, 696–715 (1982).

  17. 17

    Lamb, D. Q. in Gamma Ray Transients and Related Astrophysical Phenomena (eds Lingenfelter, R. E., Hudson, H. S. & Worrall, D. M.) 249–272 (American Institute of Physics, 1982).

  18. 18

    Jennings, M. L. & White, R. S. Astrophys. J. 238, 110–121 (1980).

  19. 19

    Share, G. H., Wood, K., Meckins, J. & Yentis, D. J. in Gamma Ray Transients and Related Astrophysical Phenomena (eds Lingenfelter, R. E., Hudson, H. S. & Worrall, D. M.) 35–44 (American institute of Physics, 1982).

  20. 20

    Hertz, P. & Grindlay, J. E. Astrophys. J. Lett. (submitted).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Grindlay, J., Cline, T., Desai, U. et al. Persistent X-ray emission from a γ-ray burst source. Nature 300, 730–731 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1038/300730a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.