Letter | Published:

Mismatch correction at O6-methylguanine residues in E. coli DNA

Nature volume 296, pages 868869 (29 April 1982) | Download Citation

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Abstract

Escherichia coli has a correction system which removes mismatched bases from DNA1. Mutants (dam) which lack the major DNA adenine methylase2 are hypersensitive to the effects of base analogue mutagens such as 2-aminopurine3 and appear to be defective in mismatch correction. Phenotypic revertants of dam mutants to base analogue resistance include second site mutations in mutL or mutS genes4, which are also part of the correction system. We report here that E. coli dam mutants are also sensitive to the DNA methylating agent N-methyl-N′-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine (MNNG), which introduces O6-methylguanine (m6G) into the DNA. This sensitivity, however, was not observed using methylating agents which generate only low amounts of this alkylated base. Furthermore, the introduction of either a mutL or a mutS mutation into dam strains abolished the sensitivity to MNNG. These results suggest that mismatch correction occurs at m6G residues in DNA. These lesions miscode in DNA polymerase I-mediated DNA synthesis in vitro5 and are known to be mutagenic in vivo6. Nevertheless, it appears that mismatch correction at m6G residues in DNA does not lead to reduced induction of mutation by MNNG.

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Author information

Author notes

    • M. G. Marinus

    Department of Pharmacology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts 01605, USA

    • P. Karran

    Present address: Imperial Cancer Research Fund, Mill Hill Laboratories, Burtonhole Lane, Mill Hill, London NW7 1AD, UK.

Affiliations

  1. MRC Cell Mutation Unit, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9QG, UK

    • P. Karran
    •  & M. G. Marinus

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/296868a0

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