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Dolomite formation in the seawater–freshwater interface

Abstract

The ‘dolomite problem’ long defied solution by geologists largely because it could not be resolved in experiments or by comparative studies with Recent sediments. Most of the known Pleistocene dolomites are from evaporative environments, whereas most of the ancient ones occur in rocks which show no evidence of intertidal or supratidal evaporative conditions. A possible environment for Recent formation of dolomites is the mixing zone between freshwater and seawater. We consider here dolomite formation in the interface mixing zone between freshwater and seawater and suggest that this type of dolomite formation is much more common than was previously indicated.

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