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A deep-sea hydrothermal site on a strike-slip fault


Submersible exploration of a young scarp in the San Clemente fault zone, at 1,800 m in the California Borderland, discovered tall piles of hydrothermal barite and dense colonies of large benthic animals. Phenomena along this active strike-slip fault zone resemble those at hot springs along the axes of mid-ocean ridges.

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Lonsdale, P. A deep-sea hydrothermal site on a strike-slip fault. Nature 281, 531–534 (1979).

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