Secondary batteries powered by forced ionisation


SECONDARY batteries normally store energy by accumulation of electrode products formed by electron transfer, that is, production of a reducing agent at one electrode and an oxidising agent at the other electrode. I have demonstrated a storage battery concept that depends on the energy associated with ionisation of slightly dissociated compounds, for example, forcing the equilibrium H2OH++OH to the right stores energy. A cell for recovery of this energy as electricity is described here. De Körösy and Zeigersen have mentioned the possibility of a primary battery based on these principles1.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    De Körösy, F. & Zeigersen, E. Israel J. Chem. 9, 483–497 (1971).

  2. 2

    Frilette, V. J. J. Phys. Chem. 60, 435–439 (1956).

  3. 3

    Benjamin, B. thesis Columbia Univ. (1976).

  4. 4

    Nagasubramaniun, K., Chlanda, F. P. & Liu, Kang-Jen, J. Membrane Sci. 2, 109–124 (1977).

  5. 5

    Serfass, E. J. US Pat. 3,488,035, June 3, 1969.

  6. 6

    Renaud, M. Can. J. Chem. 47, 4702–4704 (1969).

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

RAMP, F. Secondary batteries powered by forced ionisation. Nature 278, 335–337 (1979).

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.