Polonium haloes in mica

Abstract

GENTRY1 has reported that some anomalous haloes found in ancient mica seem to arise from the α-decay of polonium isotopes only, without any observable long-lived β-emitting precursors. Fremlin2 suggested that these might occur as a result of the diffusion of β-emitting radiogenic lead isotopes from relatively distant or widely dispersed uranium or thorium inclusions, and the absorption of the lead ions by small preexisting inclusions of foreign material. As Gentry3 pointed out, this would involve abnormally high diffusion rates for lead. We have carried out experiments that demonstrate the possibility of such high rates. Here we also discuss the reasons for the absence of an excess of observable tracks left in mica by the recoil of the lead daughter when α-decay takes place in the polonium isotopes.

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References

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    Gentry, R. V. A. Rev. Nucl. sci. 23, 347 (1973); Nature 244, 282 (1973); 252, 564 (1974).

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    Fremlin, J. H. Nature 258, 269 (1975).

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    Gentry, R. V. Nature 258, 269 (1975).

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    Crozaz, G., Hair, M., Maurette, M. & Walker, R. M. Proc. Int.Conf. Nucl. Track Registration in Insulating SolidsClermont-Ferrand, Sect VII, 41 (1969).

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    Nagpaul, K. K., Mentor, D. D. & Gupta, M. L. Pure appl. Geophys. 112, 140 (1974).

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HASHEMI-NEZHAD, S., FREMLIN, J. & DURRANI, S. Polonium haloes in mica. Nature 278, 333–335 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1038/278333a0

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