Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Article
  • Published:

Measurements of general relativistic effects in the binary pulsar PSR1913 + 16


Measurements of second- and third-order relativistic effects in the orbit of binary pulsar PSR1913 + 16 have yielded self-consistent estimates of the masses of the pulsar and its companion, quantitative confirmation of the existence of gravitational radiation at the level predicted by general relativity, and detection of geodetic precession of the pulsar spin axis.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Hulse, R. A. & Taylor, J. H. Astrophys. J. Lett. 195, L51–L53 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  2. Taylor, J. H. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 262, 490–492 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  3. Taylor, J. H., Hulse, R. A., Fowler, L. A., Gullahorn, G. E. & Rankin, J. M. Astrophys. J. Lett. 206, L53–L58 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. Fowler, L. A., Cordes, J. M. & Taylor, J. H. Austr. J. Phys. (in the press).

  5. McCulloch, P. M., Taylor, J. H. & Weisberg, J. M. Astrophys. J. Lett. (in the press).

  6. Epstein, R. Astrophys. J. 216, 92–100 (1977).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Blandford, R. & Teukolsky, S. A. Astrophys. J. 205, 580–591 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Manchester, R. N. & Taylor, J. H. Pulsars, 91–96 (W. H. Freeman, San Francisco, 1978).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  9. Smarr, L. L. & Blandford, R. Astrophys. J. 207, 574–588 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Eardley, D. M. Astrophys. J. Lett. 196, L59–L62 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  11. Will, C. M. Astrophys. J. 214, 826–839 (1977).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Rosen, N. Astrophys. J. 221, 284–285 (1978).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  13. Ehlers, J., Rosenblum, A., Goldberg, J. N. & Havas, P. Astrophys. J. Lett. 208, L77–L81 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Rosenblum, A. Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1003–1005 (1978).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. Esposito, L. W. & Harrison, E. R. Astrophys. J. Lett. 196, L1–L2 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. Wagoner, R. V. Astrophys. J. Lett. 196, L63–L65 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  17. Webbink, R. F. Astr. Astrophys. 41, 1–8 (1975).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  18. Flannery, B. P. & van den Heuvel, E. P. J. Astr. Astrophys. 39, 61–67 (1975).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  19. Roberts, D. H., Masters, A. R. & Arnett, W. D. Astrophys. J. 203, 196–201 (1976).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Hari-Dass, N. D. & Radhakrishnan, V. Astrophys. Lett. 16, 135–139 (1975).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  21. Shapiro, S. L. & Terzian, Y. Astr. Astrophys. 52, 115–118 (1976).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  22. Balbus, S. A. & Brecher, K. Astrophys. J. 203, 202–205 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  23. Taylor, J. H. & McCulloch, P. M. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. (in the press).

  24. Brecher, K. Astrophys. J. Lett. 195, L113–L115 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Taylor, J., Fowler, L. & McCulloch, P. Measurements of general relativistic effects in the binary pulsar PSR1913 + 16. Nature 277, 437–440 (1979).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing