Letter | Published:

Isotopic composition of sulphur in atmospheric precipitation around Sudbury, Ontario

Nature volume 274, pages 883885 (31 August 1978) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

THE isotopic composition of ombrogenic sulphur has been used, with varying degrees of success, to fingerprint sources of sulphur in the atmosphere1–4. The major unresolved problem in applying this potentially powerful technique to environmental studies has been the fractionation of sulphur isotopes by the various SOx washout phenomena. We report here the concentrations and isotopic compositions of sulphur in bulk precipitation samples collected during 1975 and 1976 at stations around the nickel smelting complex at Copper Hill near Sudbury, Ontario. By combining the data with isotopic measurements on sulphur oxides (SOx) in the smelter stack and plumes, the isotopic effects and the principal mechanisms of sulphur deposition close to the smelter have been evaluated.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    & Geochem. J. 1, 199 (1967).

  2. 2.

    & N. Z. J. Sci. 10, 816 (1967).

  3. 3.

    Tellus 11, 478 (1959).

  4. 4.

    & Earth planet. Sci. Lett. 8, 36 (1970).

  5. 5.

    & Can. J. Bot. 41, 371 (1960).

  6. 6.

    Water, Air Soil Pollut. 6, 501 (1976).

  7. 7.

    & J. Fish. Res. Board Can. 29, 1131 (1972).

  8. 8.

    & Water, Air Soil Pollut. 7, 421 (1977).

  9. 9.

    & Atmos. Environ. 10, 793 (1976).

  10. 10.

    Clean Air Act A. Rep. 1975/76. (Air Pollution Control Directorate, Environmental Protection Service, Department of Fisheries and the Environment, Ottawa, Ontario).

  11. 11.

    & Proc. 16th Conf. Great Lakes Res. 581 (1973).

  12. 12.

    in Isotope Ratios as Pollutant Source and Behavior Indicators 77 (IAEA, Vienna, 1975).

  13. 13.

    & Limnol. Oceanogr. 21, 485 (1976).

  14. 14.

    & Tellus 30 (in the press).

  15. 15.

    & Atmos. Environ. 11, 517 (1977).

  16. 16.

    Can. J. Earth Sci. 10, 1444 (1973).

  17. 17.

    & in Precipitation Scavenging (1974). CONF-741003590, (National Tech. Info. Service. U.S. Dept. Commerce, Springfield, Virginia, 1977).

  18. 18.

    & in Sulfur in the Environment (ed. Nriagu, J. O.) 297–323 (Wiley, New York, 1978).

  19. 19.

    National Air Pollution Surveillance Rpts, 1971–1975. No. EPS-5-AP-71/75.

  20. 20.

    Fate of Atmospheric Sulfur Dioxide and Related Substances as Indicated by Chemistry of Precipitation, 12–13 (Department of Geology Report, McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario, 1976).

  21. 21.

    & Nature 273, 223 (1978).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Canada Centre for Inland Waters, Burlington, Ontario, Canada L7R 4A6

    • JEROME O. NRIAGU
    •  & ROBERT D. COKER

Authors

  1. Search for JEROME O. NRIAGU in:

  2. Search for ROBERT D. COKER in:

About this article

Publication history

Received

Accepted

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/274883a0

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.