Letter | Published:

IMF effects on short-period fluctuations at low latitudes

Nature volume 272, pages 517518 (06 April 1978) | Download Citation



The Influence of the north–south component (Bz) of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) on geomagnetic activity is well established1,2, although a search for closer links between them has encountered some difficulties because magnetospheric responses depend on many parameters. It is also expected that the effects would be dominant at high or auroral latitudes. These studies are important because the Bz component controls the transfer of energy carried by the solar wind into the magnetosphere and consequently into the lower atmosphere, a phenomenon which has gained considerable importance in solar–terrestrial relationships. Here we investigate the effect of Bz variations at low latitudes particularly the equatorial region, which is relatively free from particle precipitation. Furthermore, due to the high electrical conductivity of the ionosphere during the daytime over this region, variations near the magnetic equator are very sensitive to changes in the electric field. Thus, equatorial stations may reveal some new features of the correlations between geomagnetic variations and the IMF.

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  1. 1.

    Physics of Magnetospheric sub-storms (Reidel, Dodrecht, 1977).

  2. 2.

    Space Sci. Rev. 20, 621–675 (1977).

  3. 3.

    & NASA Techn. Note No. D. 3341 (1966).

  4. 4.

    J. atmos. Terr. Phys. 24, 1031–40 (1962).

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Author information


  1. Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Colaba, Bombay 400 005

    • A. K. AGARWAL
    •  & B. P. SINGH
  2. Physical Research Laboratory, Navarangpura, Ahmedabad 380 009

    • R. G. RASTOGI


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