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Formation of discrete islands in linear island chains

Nature volume 272, pages 499501 (06 April 1978) | Download Citation

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Abstract

Mantle convection studies indicate that large-scale shear beneath plates acts together with the buoyant uplift of the lower density plume material to produce a succession of discrete plumes and consequently island chains such as Hawaii. The spacing of the Hawaiian Islands requires that its low viscosity shear zone is less than 80 km thick.

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Author information

Author notes

    • John N. Skilbeck

    Present address: Department of Geological Sciences, Science Laboratories, South Road. Durham, UK.

    • John A. Whitehead Jr

    Present address: National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder, Colorado 80302.

Affiliations

  1. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543

    • John N. Skilbeck
    •  & John A. Whitehead Jr

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/272499a0

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