Observable gravitational effects on polarised radiation coming from near a black hole

Abstract

THE effects of general relativity on the degree and plane of linear polarisation of X rays emitted by an accretion disk orbiting a black hole (such as Cyg X-1 might contain), were described in a previous letter1 where we showed that the effects were large. Using a constant of motion along null geodesies in the Kerr metric, discovered by Penrose and Walker2, we have since been able to calculate analytically polarisation rotations along any null ray. We present here more extensive results obtained by this method, for two different kinds of disk model and for different black hole angular momenta.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Stark, R. F. & Connors, P. A. Nature 266, 429–430 (1977).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Walker, M. & Penrose, R. Commun. math. Phys. 18, 265–274 (1970).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Chandrasekhar, S. Radiative Transfer, 219–224 (Dover, New York, 1969).

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Angel, J. R. P. Astrophys. J. 158, 219–224 (1969).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Lightman, A. P. & Shapiro, S. L. Astrophys. J. Lett. 198, L73–L75 (1975).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Lightman, A. P. & Shapiro, S. L. Astrophys. J. 203, 701–703 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Novikov, I. D. & Thorne, K. S. Les Astres Occlus (Gordon and Breach, New York, 1973).

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Shapiro, S. L., Lightman, A. P. & Eardley, D. M. Astrophys. J. 204, 187–199 (1976).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Carter, B. Phys. Rev. 174, 1559–1571 (1968).

    ADS  Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Breuer, R. A. Lecture Notes in Physics 44, (Springer, Berlin, 1975).

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Misner, C. W., Thorne, K. S. & Wheeler, J. A. Gravitation (Freeman, San Francisco, 1973).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

CONNORS, P., STARK, R. Observable gravitational effects on polarised radiation coming from near a black hole. Nature 269, 128–129 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1038/269128a0

Download citation

Further reading

  • X-ray spectra and polarization from magnetar candidates

    • R Taverna
    • , R Turolla
    • , V Suleimanov
    • , A Y Potekhin
    •  & S Zane

    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2020)

  • Universal polarimetric signatures of the black hole photon ring

    • Elizabeth Himwich
    • , Michael D. Johnson
    • , Alexandru Lupsasca
    •  & Andrew Strominger

    Physical Review D (2020)

  • Towards a complete description of spectra and polarization of black hole accretion discs: albedo profiles and returning radiation

    • R Taverna
    • , W Zhang
    • , M Dovčiak
    • , S Bianchi
    • , M Bursa
    • , V Karas
    •  & G Matt

    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2020)

  • General relativistic polarized radiative transfer with inverse-Compton scatterings

    • M Mościbrodzka

    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society (2020)

  • Accretion in strong field gravity with eXTP

    • Alessandra De Rosa
    • , Phil Uttley
    • , LiJun Gou
    • , Yuan Liu
    • , Cosimo Bambi
    • , Didier Barret
    • , Tomaso Belloni
    • , Emanuele Berti
    • , Stefano Bianchi
    • , Ilaria Caiazzo
    • , Piergiorgio Casella
    • , Marco Feroci
    • , Valeria Ferrari
    • , Leonardo Gualtieri
    • , Jeremy Heyl
    • , Adam Ingram
    • , Vladimir Karas
    • , FangJun Lu
    • , Bin Luo
    • , Giorgio Matt
    • , Sara Motta
    • , Joseph Neilsen
    • , Paolo Pani
    • , Andrea Santangelo
    • , XinWen Shu
    • , JunFeng Wang
    • , Jian-Min Wang
    • , YongQuan Xue
    • , YuPeng Xu
    • , WeiMin Yuan
    • , YeFei Yuan
    • , Shuang-Nan Zhang
    • , Shu Zhang
    • , Ivan Agudo
    • , Lorenzo Amati
    • , Nils Andersson
    • , Cristina Baglio
    • , Pavel Bakala
    • , Altan Baykal
    • , Sudip Bhattacharyya
    • , Ignazio Bombaci
    • , Niccoló Bucciantini
    • , Fiamma Capitanio
    • , Riccardo Ciolfi
    • , Wei K. Cui
    • , Filippo D’Ammando
    • , Thomas Dauser
    • , Melania Del Santo
    • , Barbara De Marco
    • , Tiziana Di Salvo
    • , Chris Done
    • , Michal Dovčiak
    • , Andrew C. Fabian
    • , Maurizio Falanga
    • , Angelo Francesco Gambino
    • , Bruce Gendre
    • , Victoria Grinberg
    • , Alexander Heger
    • , Jeroen Homan
    • , Rosario Iaria
    • , JiaChen Jiang
    • , ChiChuan Jin
    • , Elmar Koerding
    • , Manu Linares
    • , Zhu Liu
    • , Thomas J. Maccarone
    • , Julien Malzac
    • , Antonios Manousakis
    • , Frédéric Marin
    • , Andrea Marinucci
    • , Missagh Mehdipour
    • , Mariano Méndez
    • , Simone Migliari
    • , Cole Miller
    • , Giovanni Miniutti
    • , Emanuele Nardini
    • , Paul T. O’Brien
    • , Julian P. Osborne
    • , Pierre Olivier Petrucci
    • , Andrea Possenti
    • , Alessandro Riggio
    • , Jerome Rodriguez
    • , Andrea Sanna
    • , LiJing Shao
    • , Malgosia Sobolewska
    • , Eva Sramkova
    • , Abigail L. Stevens
    • , Holger Stiele
    • , Giulia Stratta
    • , Zdenek Stuchlik
    • , Jiri Svoboda
    • , Fabrizio Tamburini
    • , Thomas M. Tauris
    • , Francesco Tombesi
    • , Gabriel Torok
    • , Martin Urbanec
    • , Frederic Vincent
    • , QingWen Wu
    • , Feng Yuan
    • , Jean J. M. in’ t Zand
    • , Andrzej A. Zdziarski
    •  & XinLin Zhou

    Science China Physics, Mechanics & Astronomy (2019)

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.