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Human prolactin responses to neuroleptic drugs correlate with antischizophrenic potency

Naturevolume 266pages639640 (1977) | Download Citation

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Abstract

THE secretion of prolactin, a pituitary hormone, is regulated by inhibitory and stimulatory influences from the hypothalamus. The primary influence is tonic inhibitory1. Dopamine, a neurotransmitter, has a major direct and/or indirect role in mediating this inhibition upon the prolactin cells in the pituitary gland. This is documented by studies in vitro1, in vivo2 and in man3. All known neuroleptic, antischizophrenic drugs share one characteristic—they block dopaminergic transmission4–7. This action is hypothesised to be associated with their antischizophrenic effects (dopamine hypothesis)3,9. Dopaminergic blockade is, very likely, also the primary mechanism of neuroleptics when inducing prolactin release via disinhibition1,10. There is no evidence that neuroleptics release prolactin via stimulatory influences. We believe the prolactin response to neuroleptic drugs to be a valid and reliable model of dopaminergic blockade in man (Langer et al., unpublished). Intesting the dopamine hypothesis of antischizophrenic drug action in man we postulated that comparing drug effects after acute intramuscular administration, a high correlation between prolactin releasing and antischizophrenic potencies of neuroleptics would be found.

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Author information

Author notes

    • GERHARD LANGER
    • , EDWARD J. SACHAR
    • , PETER H. GRUEN
    •  & FRIEDA S. HALPERN

    Present address: Department of Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons of Columbia University, 722 West 168th Street, New York, New York, 10032

Affiliations

  1. Department of Psychiatry, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, 10461

    • GERHARD LANGER
    • , EDWARD J. SACHAR
    • , PETER H. GRUEN
    •  & FRIEDA S. HALPERN

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https://doi.org/10.1038/266639a0

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