Improved and extended theory of the Berthelot tube method of studying liquids under tensile stress

Abstract

ALTHOUGH the Berthelot tube method of subjecting a liquid to tension has been used intermittently for several years, there is no published theory which enables us to calculate the value of the tension at any stage before the breaking, that is, rupture of the enclosed liquid. We present here such a theory, giving good agreement with the experimental values of the tension obtained directly using a transducer method. In the past, two theories of the method have been given but these only enable us to calculate values of the breaking tension; first, the theory of Vincent and Simmonds (method 1), which we shall show to contain a serious error and second, that of Temperley and Chambers (method 2). These two methods have been discussed by Chapman et al.1.

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References

  1. 1

    Chapman, P. J., Richards, B. E. & Trevena, D. H. J. Phys. E 8, 731–735 (1975).

  2. 2

    Richards, B. E. & Trevena, D. H. J. Phys. D 9, L123–126 (1976).

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WILLIAMS, T., TREVENA, D. Improved and extended theory of the Berthelot tube method of studying liquids under tensile stress. Nature 265, 612–613 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1038/265612a0

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