Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

  • Letter
  • Published:

Effect of nearby supernova explosions on atmospheric ozone


WE have calculated the probable effects of a nearby supernova event on the ozone layer. We find that the effects are significant and long lasting, but are relatively rare at the location of the Earth in the Galaxy.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy this article

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. Ruderman, M. A., Science, 184, 1079 (1974).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Laster, H., Science, 160, 1138 (1968).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Whitten, R. C., Borucki, W. J., and Turco, R. P., Nature, 257, 38 (1975).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Klebsaedel, R. W., Strong, I. B., and Olson, R. A., Astrophys. J. Lett., 182, L85 (1973).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. Canizares, C. R., Neighbours, J. E., and Matilsky, T., Astrophys. J. Lett., 192, L61 (1974).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. Ulmer, M. P., Baity, W. A., Wheaton, W. A., and Peterson, L. E., Astrophys. J., 193, 535 (1974).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  7. Bewick, A., Coe, M. T., Mills, J. S., and Quenby, J. J., Nature, 258, 687 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  8. Kirschner, R. P., Oke, J. B., Penston, M. V., and Searle, L., Astrophys. J., 185, 197 (1973).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Grassberg, E. K., Imshennik, V. S., and Nadyozhin, D. D., Astrophys. Space Sci., 10, 28 (1971).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  10. Ginsburg, V. L., and Syrovatskii, S. I., The Origin of Cosmic Rays, 114 (Macmillan, New York, 1964).

    Google Scholar 

  11. Clark, D. H., and Caswell, J. L., Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 174, 267 (1976).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  12. Meyer, P., A. Rev. Astr. Astrophys., 7, 1 (1969).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Bell, A. R., Gull, S. F., and Kenderdine, S., Nature, 257, 463 (1975).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. Tamman, G. A., Astr. Astrophys., 8, 458 (1970).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  15. Milne, D. K., Aust. J. Phys., 23, 425 (1970).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. Ilovaisky, S. A., and Lequeux, J., Astr. Astrophys., 20, 347 (1972).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  17. Gunn, J. E., and Ostriker, J. P., Astrophys. J., 160, 979 (1970).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

WHITTEN, R., CUZZI, J., BORUCKI, W. et al. Effect of nearby supernova explosions on atmospheric ozone. Nature 263, 398–400 (1976).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:

This article is cited by


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing