Social and reproductive correlates of parasite ova emissions by baboons


IN several species of rodents, the social and reproductive condition of a host individual has been shown to affect its susceptibility to intestinal parasites and the maturation rate of the parasites once established1,2. The relationship between social and reproductive condition of host individuals and most aspects of parasite development and transmission, including ova emissions, has not previously been examined for any non-human primate species. Information on parasite ova emissions by non-human primates is important for understanding the life-cycle of the parasites and for understanding the spread of parasites both within and between social groups and to individuals of other species, including humans and domestic stock3.

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    Jackson, L. A., and Farmer, J. N., Ecology, 51, 672–679 (1970).

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    Mankau, S. K., Can. J. Zool., 50, 597–602 (1972).

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    Pitchford, R. J., et al., J. S. Afr. Vet. Ass., 44, 405–420 (1973).

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    Hausfater, G., Dominance and Reproduction in Baboons (Papio cynocephalus): A Quantitative Analysis (Karger, Basel, 1975).

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    Markell, E. K., and Voge, M., Medical Parasitology, 3rd ed. (W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971).

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    Cox, D. R., and Lewis, P. A. W., The Statistical Analysis of Series of Events (Methuen, London, 1966).

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