Isotropic cosmic expansion and the Rubin–Ford effect

Abstract

We show that the Rubin–Ford (RFR) data, often taken as evidence for large scale anisotropic cosmic expansion, probably only reflect the inhomogeneous distribution of galaxies in the region of the Rubin–Ford sample. The data RFR have presented are consistent with isotropic expansion, an unperturbed galaxy velocity field and hence a low density Universe.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Rubin, V. C., Ford, W. K., Jr, and Rubin, J. S., Astrophys. J. Lett., 183, L111 (1973).

  2. 2

    van den Bergh, S., Astrophys. J., 131, 215 (1960).

  3. 3

    Noonan, T. W., Astr. J., 78, 26 (1973).

  4. 4

    Abell, G. O., Astrophys. J. Suppl., 3, 211 (1958).

  5. 5

    Peebles, P. J. E., Astrophys. J. Suppl., 28, 37 (1974).

  6. 6

    Zwicky, F., Herzog, E., Wild, P., Karpowicz, M., and Kowal, C. T., Catalogue of Galaxies and Clusters of Galaxies (California Institute of Technology Press, Pasadena, 1961–1968).

  7. 7

    Abell, G. O., Astr. J., 66, 607 (1961).

  8. 8

    Shapley, H., Galaxies (Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1972).

  9. 9

    Zwicky, F., Handbuch der Physik, Vol. LIII, 390 (Springer, Heidelberg, 1959).

  10. 10

    Hauser, M., and Peebles, P. J. E., Astrophys. J., 185, 757 (1974).

  11. 11

    Sandage, A., and Tammann, G. A., Astrophys. J., 197, 265 (1975).

  12. 12

    Hubble, E., Astrophys. J., 71, 231 (1930).

  13. 13

    Heidman, J., Heidman, N., and de Vaucouleurs, G., Mem. R. astr. Soc., 76, 121 (1972).

  14. 14

    Holmberg, E., Ark. Astr., 5, 305 (1969).

  15. 15

    de Vaucouleurs, G., in Stars and Stellar Systems, Vol. IX (Chicago, 1965).

  16. 16

    Turner, E. L., and Gott, J. R., III, Astrophys. J. (in the press).

  17. 17

    Tammann, G. A., Astr. Astrophys., 21, 355 (1972).

  18. 18

    Chincarini, G., and Rood, H. J., Astrophys. J., 206, 30 (1976).

  19. 19

    Jones, B. J. T., Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 174, 429 (1976).

  20. 20

    Evans, A., and Hart, D., Nature, 259, 468 (1976).

  21. 21

    Le Denmat, G., and Vigier, J.-P., C. r. hebd. Séanc. Acad. Sci., Paris, 280 B, 459 (1975).

  22. 22

    Kowal, C. T., and Sargent, W. L. W., Astr. J., 76, 756 (1971).

  23. 23

    Kukarkin, et al., General Catalogue of Variable Stars, III (Sternberg State Astronomical Institute, Moscow, 1971).

  24. 24

    Kowal, C. T., Astr. J., 73, 1021 (1968).

  25. 25

    Barbon, R., Capaccioli, M., and Ciatti, F., Astr. Astrophys., 44, 267 (1975).

  26. 26

    Jaakkola, T., Karoji, H., Moles, M., and Vigier, J.-P., Nature, 256, 24 (1975).

  27. 27

    Silk, J., Astrophys. J., 193, 525 (1974).

  28. 28

    Fall, S. M., Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 172, 23p (1975).

  29. 29

    Peebles, P. J. E., Astrophys. J., 205, 318 (1976).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.