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Atmospheric shock waves and condensation clouds from Ngauruhoe explosive eruptions


VISIBLE shock waves (‘flashing arcs’) passing through the air above a volcanic vent were first recognised by Perret1 during explosive eruptions of Vesuvius in 1906. Although reportedly rare2,3 in subsequent volcanic eruptions, large visible atmospheric shock waves have accompanied explosive activity of Ngauruhoe, an andesite volcano in New Zealand, in 1954 (ref. 4), 1974 (ref. 5) and 1975.

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NAIRN, I. Atmospheric shock waves and condensation clouds from Ngauruhoe explosive eruptions. Nature 259, 190–192 (1976).

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