Letter | Published:

Odd and even numbered year summer temperature pulse in central England

Naturevolume 256pages296297 (1975) | Download Citation



METEOROLOGISTS and amateur weather observers with long memories have noted for some time that there seemed to be a preference for the hottest summers to occur during odd numbered years and the coolest during even numbered years during this century in south-eastern England. Many studies made during the past decade have supported the validity of such recollections for a much wider area. For example, Sutton1 and Murray2 have identified the existence of a biennial oscillation of the atmosphere and discussed its effects on the tropospheric circulation in both tropical and temperate latitudes. Davis3 has found a high statistical significance in temperature differences between odd and even numbered years for an extensive area of western Europe.

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  1. 1

    Sutton, O. G., Weather, 17, 408 (1962).

  2. 2

    Murray, R., Weather, 27, 161–169 (1972).

  3. 3

    Davis, N. E., Met. Mag., Lond., 96, 178–187 (1967).

  4. 4

    Manley, G., Q. Jl R. met. Soc., 100, 389–405 (1974).

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  1. Department of Geophysics, University of Reading, Whiteknights Park, Reading, UK

    • A. H. GORDON
    •  & N. C. WELLS


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