Article | Published:

Mantle deformation beneath the South African and Siberian platforms

Abstract

Xenoliths of mantle lherzolite from kimberlite pipes in Africa and Siberian Yakutia have undergone deformation and thermal excitation of some of their constituent minerals. Their deformation states support the view that the mantle deforms systematically by creep processes resulting from shearing stress initiated, perhaps, during plate movement.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Bobrievich, A. P., et al., Petrography and Mineralogy of Kimberlite Pipes of Yakutia (Nedra, Moscow, 1964). (In Russian.)

  2. 2

    Sobolev, N. V., Dokl Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R., 157, No. 6 (1964).

  3. 3

    Sobolev, N. V., and Kuznetsova, I. K., Dokl Acad. Sci. U.S.S.R., 163, No. 2 (1965).

  4. 4

    Sobolev, N. V. Proc. XXIII Int. Geol. Congress., 1, 155–163 (1968).

  5. 5

    Sobolev, N. V., Proc. XXIV Int. Geol. Congress., Section 2, 297–302 (1972).

  6. 6

    Sobolev, N. V., The deep-seated inclusions in Kimberlites and the Problem of the Upper Mantle Composition (Nauka, Novosibirsk, 1974). (In Russian.)

  7. 7

    Boyd, F. R., and Nixon, P., Ann. Rep. Geophys. Lab. Washington, 71, 362–373 (1972).

  8. 8

    Boyd, F. R., and Nixon, P., Ann. Rep. Geophys. Lab. Washington, 72, 431–446 (1973).

  9. 9

    Boyd, F. R., Geochim. cosmochim. Acta, 37, 2533–2547 (1973).

  10. 10

    Nixon, P., and Boyd, F. R., in Lesotho Kimberlites (Lesotho Nat. Development Corp., Lesotho, 1973).

  11. 11

    Boullier, A-M., and Nicholas, A., in Lesotho Kimberlites, 57–66 (Lesotho Nat. Development Corp., Lesotho, 1973).

  12. 12

    Cox, K. G., Gurney, J. J., and Harte, B., in Lesotho Kimberlites, 76–100 (Lesotho Nat. Development Corp., Lesotho, 1973).

  13. 13

    Gueguen, Y., and Boullier, A-M., in Chemistry & Physics of Rocks & Minerals (edit. by Strens, R. G.), (Wiley, in the press).

  14. 14

    Borley, G. D., and Suddaby, P., Min. Mag. (in the press).

  15. 15

    Borley, G. D., in Chemistry & Physics of Rocks & Minerals (edit. by Strens, R. G.), (Wiley, in the press).

  16. 16

    Davis, B. T. C., and Boyd, F. R., J. Geophys. Res., 71, 3567–3576 (1966).

  17. 17

    MacGregor, I. D., Am. Mineral., 59, 110–119 (1974).

  18. 18

    Spry, A., Metamorphic Textures (Pergamon, 1969).

  19. 19

    Stocker, R. L., and Ashby, M. F., Revs Geophys. Space Phys., 11, 391–426 (1973).

  20. 20

    Lesotho Kimberlites (edit. by Nixon, P.), (Lesotho Nat. Development Corp., Lesotho, 1973).

  21. 21

    Sarsadskich, N. N., Blagulkina, V. A., and Silin, YU. I., Dokl. Acad. Sci. U.S S.R., 168, No. 2 (1966).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.