A country wishing to evade a comprehensive test ban treaty could disguise a clandestine nuclear test as a natural earthquake by detonating a sequence of explosions, one of which would be caused by the device of interest.
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Kolar, O., Pruvost, N. Earthquake simulation by nuclear explosions. Nature 253, 242–245 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1038/253242a0
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