THE Toms effect may be assumed to be based on a phenomenon which occurs in the immediate wall layer. Models proposed to explain the effect are, therefore, mostly aimed either at producing an interaction of the molecules with the flow structure (that is, the eddies), or at attributing new rheological properties to the liquid on the basis of the molecules released, which should lead to new forms of flow.
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GYR, A., MUELLER, A. Alteration of structures of sublayer flow in dilute polymer solutions. Nature 253, 185–187 (1975). https://doi.org/10.1038/253185a0
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