Letter | Published:

The Influence of Prehistoric Cultures upon the Initiation and Spread of Blanket Bog in Upland Wales

Abstract

THE shallow blanket peats of northern and western parts of the British Isles have received relatively little attention from palynologists. Conway's early work1 on the Pennines was mainly concerned with deep peats accumulating in high altitude basins and plateaux (for example Ringinglow) which began forming during the Atlantic period. Pollen diagrams of shallower peats on sloping ground from a variety of areas (such as the Pennines2, the Lake District3 and Central Wales4,5) suggest their formation began at a rather later date, often about the time of the elm decline.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Conway, V. M., J. Ecol., 42, 117 (1954).

  2. 2

    Tallis, J. H., J. Ecol., 52, 323 (1964).

  3. 3

    Pennington, W., Proc. Roy. Soc., B, 161, 310 (1965).

  4. 4

    Moore, P. D., Nature, 217, 1006 (1968).

  5. 5

    Moore, P. D., Proc. Fourth Int. Peat Cong., Helsinki, 1, 89 (1972).

  6. 6

    Tallis, J. H., New Phytol., 63, 363 (1964).

  7. 7

    Grimes, W. F., in Prehistoric and Early Wales (edit. by Foster, I. W., and Daniel, G.) (Routledge and Kegan Paul, London, 1965).

  8. 8

    Crawford, O. G. S., Arch. Camb., 75, 99 (1920).

  9. 9

    Grimes, W. F., Proc. Prehist. Soc., 2, 106 (1936).

  10. 10

    Janssen, C. R., Acta Botan. Neerl., 8, 55 (1959).

  11. 11

    Rybnickova, E., and Rybnicek, K., Revs. Palaeobotan. Palynol., 11, 165 (1971).

  12. 12

    Shannon, C., and Weaver, W., The Mathematical Theory of Communication (University of Illinois Press, Urbana, 1963).

  13. 13

    Deevey, E. S., Brookhaven Biol. Symp., 22, 224 (1969).

  14. 14

    Iversen, J., J. Ecol., Jubilee Symp. Suppl., 52, 59 (1964).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.