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Hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma. A review on 45 cases since the first report describing the disease as a distinct lymphoma entity in 1990

Abstract

Peripheral T cell lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of post-thymic, mature lymphoid malignancies, accounting for approximately 10–15% of all non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. A rare entity within this group is represented by hepatosplenic γδ T cell lymphoma, which is characterized by primary extranodal disease with typical sinusoidal or sinusal infiltration of the liver and the spleen, respectively, by expression of the T cell receptor γδ chain, and by a number of other frequent clinicopathological features including aggressive course of disease. In contrast to these common attributes some biologic characteristics such as expression of cytotoxic proteins and cytotoxic activity have been controversial. In this review, clinicopathological, immunophenotypical, molecular biological, cytogenetical and biological findings, and diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties in hepatosplenic γδ T cell lymphoma are discussed.

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Acknowledgements

Figure 1 was kindly provided by Prof ML Hansmann, Department of Pathology, JW Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

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Weidmann, E. Hepatosplenic T cell lymphoma. A review on 45 cases since the first report describing the disease as a distinct lymphoma entity in 1990. Leukemia 14, 991–997 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2401784

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2401784

Keywords

  • hepatosplenic γδ
  • T cell lymphoma
  • clinicopathology
  • biology and molecular biology
  • aggressive course of disease
  • treatment

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