Tumor Suppressor Genes: Signal Transduction and Cell Cycle

Molecular analysis of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in human leukemias


Recurrent anomalies of the short arm of chromosome 9, including interstitial deletions and translocations, have often been described. Recently two cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors, known as P16 (INK4A/MTS1) and P15 (INK4B/MTS2), which map to 9p21, have been found deleted in a wide range of tumors and particularly in leukemic cells. We report here Southern blot analyses of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors (P16, P15, P21, and P27) status in primary tumoral cells of 121 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemias, 85 patients with acute myeloid leukemias and 42 patients with B-chronic lymphocytic leukemias. P16 inactivation was found in 25 of 38 T-ALLs and in 28 of 83 B-lineage ALLs. In eight cases (three T-ALLs and five B-lineage ALLs), one or both alleles of P16 locus were rearranged. In these cases, breakpoints occurred within the two major breakpoints cluster regions previously described in T-ALLs. Homozygous P16 deletions were observed in two of 85 AMLs but in none of the 42 B-CLL cases tested. Our results suggest that P16 inactivation are the most frequent event observed in ALL (44%), are quite rare in AML (<2%) and seem to be absent in CLL. Search for P27 and P21 deletion was negative in B/T-lineage ALLs and monoallelic deletions of P27 were found in four AML cases (5%).

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Hayette, S., Thomas, X., Bertrand, Y. et al. Molecular analysis of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors in human leukemias. Leukemia 11, 1696–1699 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.leu.2400814

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  • INK4A
  • CDK inhibitors
  • leukemia
  • tumor suppressor gene

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