Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

DDE thins Eggshells of Captive American Kestrels

Abstract

EGGSHELL thinning in several species of raptorial and fish-eating birds, whose populations and/or reproductive success have declined dramatically in recent years, has been correlated with residues of DDE [1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis (p-chlorophenyl) ethylene] in their eggs1–3. DDE, a common metabolite of DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane] and a nearly universal contaminant in the food of these birds, has been considered to be the major chemical responsible for eggshell thinning.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. Hickey, J. J., and Anderson, D. W., Science, 162, 271 (1968).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Anderson, D. W., Hickey, J. J., Risebrough, R. W., Hughes, D. F., and Christensen, R. E., Canad. Fld. Nat., 83, 91 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Fyfe, R. W., Campbell, J., Hayson, B., and Hodson, K., Canad. Fld. Nat., 83, 191 (1969).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Heath, R. G., Spann, J. W., and Kreitzer, J. F., Nature, 224, 47 (1969).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Risebrough, R. W., Menzel, D. B., Martin, jun., D. J., and Olcott, H. S., Nature, 216, 589 (1967).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  6. Keith, J. O., and Hunt, E. G., Trans. N. Amer. Wildl. Nat. Res. Conf., 31, 150 (1966).

    Google Scholar 

  7. Cade, T. J., White, C. M., and Haugh, J. R., Condor, 70, 170 (1968).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Risebrough, R. W., Reiche, P., Peakall, D. B., Herman, S. G., and Kirven, M. N., Nature, 220, 1098 (1968).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  9. Porter, R. D., and Wiemeyer, S. N., Science, 165, 199 (1969).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Lehner, P. N., and Egbert, A., Nature, 224, 1218 (1969).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Dahlgren, R. B., and Linder, R. L., J. Wildl. Mgmt, 34, 226 (1970).

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Ratcliffe, D. A., Bird Study, 14, 238 (1967).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Ratcliffe, D. A., Nature, 215, 208 (1967).

    Article  ADS  CAS  Google Scholar 

  14. Enderson, J. H., and Berger, D. D., Condor, 70, 149 (1968).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

WIEMEYER, S., PORTER, R. DDE thins Eggshells of Captive American Kestrels. Nature 227, 737–738 (1970). https://doi.org/10.1038/227737a0

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/227737a0

This article is cited by

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing