New Theory of Mid-latitude Sporadic E

Abstract

Unified explanations have been derived for the main statistical and structural characteristics of sporadic E.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1

    Smith, L. G., Radio Sci., 1, 178 (1966).

  2. 2

    Johnson, C. Y., in Proc. Conf. Structure and Cause of Sporadic E, Vail, Colorado (1968), (in the press).

  3. 3

    Narcisi, R., in Proc. Conf. Structure and Cause of Sporadic E, Vail, Colorado (1968), (in the press).

  4. 4

    Martyn, D. W., Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., A, 246, 306 (1953).

  5. 5

    Whitehead, J. D., J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 20, 49 (1961).

  6. 6

    Layzer, D., J. Geophys. Res., 69, 1853, 5098 (1964).

  7. 7

    Bedinger, J. F., and Knaflich, H., Radio Sci., 1, 156 (1966).

  8. 8

    Layzer, D., Nature, 213, 576 (1967).

  9. 9

    Hines, C. O., Canad. J. Phys., 38, 1441 (1960).

  10. 10

    Bedinger, J. F., Knaflich, H., Manring, E., and Layzer, D., Planet. Space Sci., 16, 159 (1968).

  11. 11

    Rawer, K., Ionospheric Sporadic E (edit. by Smith, E. K., and Matsushita, S.), 292, (Pergamon Press, Oxford, 1962).

  12. 12

    Bedinger, J. F., and Constantinides, E., in Proc. Conf. on Structure and Cause of Sporadic E, Vail, Colorado (1968), (in the press).

  13. 13

    Axford, W. I., and Cunnold, D. M., Radio Sci., 1, 191 (1965).

  14. 14

    Farley, jun., D. T., J. Geophys. Res., 64, 1225 (1959); ibid., 65, 869 (1960).

  15. 15

    Piddington, J. H., Geophys. J., 3, 314 (1960).

  16. 16

    Axford, W. I., and Hines, C. O., Canad. J. Phys., 39, 1433 (1961).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

LAYZER, D. New Theory of Mid-latitude Sporadic E. Nature 223, 794–797 (1969). https://doi.org/10.1038/223794a0

Download citation

Further reading

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.