Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Structure of Tin(II) “Hydroxide” and Lead(II) “Hydroxide”


Donaldson and Moser1 have shown that there is only one stable solid tin(II) hydroxide, a unique crystalline phase quite distinct from other tin(II) oxides, which can be described as a hydrous oxide or oxy-hydroxide. The formula of the finely divided material was determined analytically as 5SnO.2H2O, but analytical results on a fine powder of large surface area cannot distinguish between this formula and the alternative 3SnO.H2O, which differs by only one molecule of water per fifteen formula units of tin(II) oxide.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Donaldson, J. D., and Moser, W., J. Chem. Soc., 835 (1961).

  2. 2

    Donaldson, J. D., Acta Cryst., 14, 65 (1964).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Cotton, F. A., Quart. Rev., 20, 389 (1966).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Wells, A. F., Structural Inorganic Chemistry, third ed. (Oxford University Press, 1962).

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5

    Tobias, R. S., Acta Chem. Scand., 12, 198 (1958).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Todd, G., and Parry, E., Nature, 202, 386 (1964).

    ADS  CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Clark, G. L., and Tyler, W. P., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 61, 58 (1939).

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Hentz, F. C., and Tyree, S. Y., Inorg. Chem., 3, 814 (1964).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

HOWIE, R., MOSER, W. Structure of Tin(II) “Hydroxide” and Lead(II) “Hydroxide”. Nature 219, 372–373 (1968).

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.


Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing