Letter | Published:

Blood Groups in Indians of Tierra del Fuego

Naturevolume 214pages211212 (1967) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

IT is 20 years since Lipschutz et al.1 showed that the high percentage of B blood groups found in Fuegians by Rahm2 was incorrect. We decided to complete this investigation in about a hundred of the Indians who will gradually be made extinct by our civilization. Seventy-four Fuegians with stressed mongoloid features, forty-five Alacalufes from Puerto Eden (Wellington Island) (parallel 49° S.) and twenty-nine Yaganes from Puerto Williams (Navarino Island) (parallel 55° S. in Tierra del Fuego) were the subjects. Fig. 1 shows their geographical locations. The Onas (Patagones in Argentina) mixed with this tribe three generations ago. The extreme ages of the subjects were 8 months to 85 years and all except three were less than 50 yr old. At present their purity level is less than the 50 per cent established by Lipschutz3 in 1935. The Alacalufes live more isolated lives and they have mixed much less with Chileans and foreigners.

References

  1. 1

    Lipschutz, A., Mostny, G., Robin, L., and Santiana, A., Nature, 157, 696 (1946).

  2. 2

    Rahm, P. G., quoted by Mourant, A. E., in The ABO Blood Groups (Black-well Scientific Publications, Oxford, 1956).

  3. 3

    Lipschutz, A., Roy. Anthropol. Inst., 48, 7 (1948).

  4. 4

    Levine, E., Matson, G. A., and Schrader, H. F., Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. and Med., 33, 297 (1935).

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    Landsteiner, K., Wiener, A., and Matson, G. A., J. Exp. Med., 76, 73 (1942).

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    Chong Duk Won, Han Su Shin, Suk Wham Kim, Swanson, J., and Matson, G. A., Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 18, 115 (1960).

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    Junqueira, P. C., Wishart, P. J., Ottesooser, F., Pascualin, R., Fernández, P. L., and Kalmus, H., Nature, 177, 41 (1956).

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    Layrisse, M., and Arens, T., Science, 123, 41 (1956).

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    Simmons, R. T., and Graydon, J. J., Amer. J. Phys. Anthropol., 15, 357 (1957).

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Author notes

    • JUAN VILLAGRÁN
    •  & ESTEBAN BORIS

    Present address: Hospital del Salvador, Santiago, Chile

Affiliations

  1. Hospital del Salvador, Santiago, Chile

    • RAÚL ETCHEVERRY
    • , MANUEL MURANDA
    • , CARLOS GUZMÁN
    • , CARLOS REGONESI
    •  & NORMA DURÁN
  2. Navy Hospital in Puerto Williams, Navarino Island

    • CARLOS ROJAS
  3. University of Concepción, Chile

    • JUAN VILLAGRÁN
  4. Hospital of Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina

    • ESTEBAN BORIS

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https://doi.org/10.1038/214211a0

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