Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Colonization of Fresh Waters in the Republic of South Africa by Lymnaea columella Say (Mollusca : Gastropoda)

Abstract

Lymnaea (Pseudosuccinea) columella Say 1817, described from specimens probably obtained in the vicinity of Philadelphia1, is widely distributed in still and slow-flowing waters in the eastern United States of America, Mexico, Central America, Cuba and the northern and central regions of South America1,2. Fossil specimens are known from the Pleistocene of North America, and another species of the sub-genus has been described from the Pliocene of the same region3. L. columella is believed to have been introduced by human agency, probably with aquatic plants, into Puerto Rico, Tenerife, South Africa and many European countries4.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type

from$1.95

to$39.95

Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

References

  1. Baker, F. C., The Lymnaeidae of North and Middle America, Recent and Fossil (Special Publication No. 3, Chicago Academy of Sciences, 1911).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Hubendick, B., Kungl. Svenska Vetenskapsakad. Handlingar, 3, 1 (1951).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Taylor, D. W., J. Paleontol, 31, 654 (1957).

    Google Scholar 

  4. van Bruggen, A. C., Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, 66, 1 (1955).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Barnard, K. Addendum (1948) to Connolly, M.C., Ann. S. African Mus., 33, 1 (1939).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Harrison, A. D., and Elsworth, J. F., Hydrobiological Studies on the Great Berg River, W. Province (Rep. No. 1, Nat. Chem. Res. Lab., 1956).

    Google Scholar 

  7. van Eeden, J. A., Freshwater Snails and their Bearing on Public Health. Fifteenth Annual Congr. Health Officials Assoc. Southern Africa (1957).

  8. van Eeden, J. A. (unpublished observations).

  9. Brown, D. S. (unpublished observations).

  10. Schutte, C. H. J., and Frank, G. H., Bull. World Health Org., 30, 389 (1964).

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Mandahl-Barth, G., Bull. World Health Org., 27, 135 (1962).

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Colton, H. S., and Pennypacker, M., Amer. Nat., 68, 129 (1934).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Swart, P. J. (unpublished observations).

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

VAN EEDEN, J., BROWN, D. Colonization of Fresh Waters in the Republic of South Africa by Lymnaea columella Say (Mollusca : Gastropoda). Nature 210, 1172–1173 (1966). https://doi.org/10.1038/2101172a0

Download citation

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/2101172a0

This article is cited by

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.

Search

Quick links

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing