PROTANDROUS hermaphroditism, or the changing from the male sex to the female during the growth of the same individual, is now well known in certain northern-hemisphere commercial prawns of the family Pandalidae, namely, species of the genera Pandalus (P. borealis1, P. danae1, P. hypsinotus1, P. kessleri2, P. montagui3 and P. platyceros1) and Pandalopsis (P. dispar1). In the Hippolytidae, this phenomenon has been demonstrated in two European and Mediterranean species of Lysmata, namely, L. seticaudata (the first decapod in which protandry was recognized4) and L. nilita5.
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YALDWYN, J. Protandrous Hermaphroditism in Decapod Prawns of the Families Hippolytidae and Campylonotidae. Nature 209, 1366 (1966). https://doi.org/10.1038/2091366a0
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