Electric Breakdown in Non-virgin Gases

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ALTHOUGH the mechanism of the electric breakdown of atomic and molecular gases at low pressure is well understood1, most investigations have been confined to gases in the virgin state—that is, when the atoms or molecules are in potential energy states corresponding to the ambient temperature and pressure. However, the collision processes involved are substantially altered if the gas contains species with large potential energy, such as excited atoms or molecules at room temperature.

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    von Engel, A., Ionized Gases, second ed. (Oxford Univ. Press, 1965). Francis, G., Ionization Phenomena in Gases (Butterworth, London, 1960).

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    Conf. on Phenomena in Ionized Gases, Belgrade 1965 (in the press).

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    Huber, P. W., and Kantrowitz, A., J. Chem. Phys., 15, 275 (1947). Morgan, J. E., and Schiff, H. I., Canad. J. Chem., 41, 903 (1963).

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    Kenty, C., J. Chem. Phys., 35, 2267 (1961).

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    Lichten, W., J. Chem. Phys., 26, 306 (1957); Noxon, J. F., J. Chem. Phys., 36, 926 (1962). Keller, G. E., Martin, D. W., and McDaniel, E. W., Phys. Rev., 140, A 1535 (1965).

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VON ENGEL, A., VIDAUD, P. Electric Breakdown in Non-virgin Gases. Nature 209, 1345 (1966) doi:10.1038/2091345a0

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