Letter | Published:

Non-specific Alkaline Phosphatase Activity of Evaginating Epithelia

Naturevolume 207pages648649 (1965) | Download Citation

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Abstract

NON-SPECIFIC alkaline phosphatase activity has been demonstrated in the developing central nervous system, eye, lung and the allantois of the human embryo by Rossi et al.1, in the thyroid of the rat by McAlpine2, in the central nervous system, eye, ear and other sites in the chick embryo by Moog3 and also in the pituitary and thyroid by Kaneko4. All the structures which show a high level of activity of this type develop by a process of evagination from an epithelium, and it has been suggested that alkaline phosphatase activity may be found in all epithelial evaginations during organogenesis5. No special examination of the association between phosphatase activity and evagination has been carried out, however. Forty-two chick embryos of known incubation time which formed a graded series from 30 h to 6 days were fixed in 70 per cent ethyl alcohol at 20° C. This method of fixation was found to be the most satisfactory and convenient. Whole embryos were embedded in paraffin wax and serial sections cut at 10µ. Alkaline phosphatase activity was demonstrated by means of an azo-dye method as described by Pearse6. The incubation period was 1 h.

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References

  1. 1

    Rossi, F., Pescetto, G., and Reale, E., J. Histochem. Cytochem., 5, 221 (1955).

  2. 2

    McAlpine, R., Amer. J. Anat., 96, 191 (1955).

  3. 3

    Moog, F., Biol. Bull., 86, 51 (1944).

  4. 4

    Kaneko, Y. J., Kyushu Dental Soc., (Japan), 15, 159 (1962).

  5. 5

    Lewis, P. R., Viewpoints in Biology, 1 (Butterworths, 1962).

  6. 6

    Pearse, A. E., Histochemistry, Theoretical and Applied, 872 (J. and A. Churchill, London, 1960).

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Author notes

    • NIGEL T. JAMES

    Present address: University of Oxford Medical School, Osler House, Woodstock Road, Oxford

Affiliations

  1. Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge

    • NIGEL T. JAMES

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https://doi.org/10.1038/207648a0

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