Object-naming by Dysphasic Patients


IN previous communications1,2 two of us reported that with normal subjects the time taken to name an object is inversely proportional to the logarithm of the frequency of the name-word in the language, as estimated by a standard word-count3. These experiments were originally undertaken to clarify the incapacity to name objects shown by individuals who have suffered some forms of brain injury, and the study has accordingly now been extended to subjects of this kind. The technique has necessarily been simplified and now comprises manual display of cards bearing the 26 pictures of objects originally used, and timing with a stop-watch (1/100 sec) in place of the optical projection and timing by voice-key and pen-recorder in the experiment previously reported.

Access options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Oldfield, R. C., and Wingfield, A., Nature, 202, 1031 (1964).

  2. 2

    Oldfield, R. C., and Wingfield, A., Quart. J. Exp. Psychol. (in the press).

  3. 3

    Thorndike, E. L., and Lorge, I., The Teacher's Word Book of 30,000 Words (Columbia University, New York, 1944).

  4. 4

    Paterson, A., and Zangwill, O. L., Brain, 67, 331 (1944).

  5. 5

    Milner, B., Proc. Assoc. Res. Nerv. Dis., 36, 244 (1958).

  6. 6

    Piercy, M., Brit. J. Psychiat., 110, 310 (1964).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

NEWCOMBE, F., OLDFIELD, R. & WINGFIELD, A. Object-naming by Dysphasic Patients. Nature 207, 1217–1218 (1965). https://doi.org/10.1038/2071217a0

Download citation

Further reading


By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.