A NUMBER of correlations have been made between infra-red absorption frequencies and A....B distances in A—H....B intermolecular hydrogen bonds1. No similar relationship has, however, been published concerning intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Nakamoto et al.2 have shown that the A—H stretching frequency (νAH) associated with an intramolecular hydrogen bond is generally much higher than that associated with an intermolecular hydrogen bond with the same A....B distance; they considered that this was because the intramolecular hydrogen bond was bent. Their observations were, however, too few to permit a correlation to be made between νAH and A....B distance.
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DEARDEN, J. Rectilinear Correlation between -OH Stretching Frequency and O....O Distance in Intermoleculary and Intramolecularly Hydrogen Bonded Compounds. Nature 206, 1147–1148 (1965) doi:10.1038/2061147a0
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