Letter | Published:

Stimulation of Ammo-acid Incorporation by Nuclear Ribonucleic Acid from Normal and Methylcholanthrene-treated Rats

Naturevolume 199pages809810 (1963) | Download Citation



A SINGLE in vivo administration of 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) into rats increases the activity of a number of liver microsomal enzyme systems1–4, and the in vitro rate of microsomal amino-acid incorporation into protein when either free or soluble RNA bound amino-acids are used as precursors4,5. The stimulatory effect of MC on the microsomal enzymes, benzpyrene hydroxylase6 and amino-azo dye demethylase7 is prevented by puromycin, an inhibitor of protein synthesis at the microsomal level. These findings suggest that the MC-induced changes in enzyme activity are due to enzyme synthesis. The in vivo administration of actinomycin D, an inhibitor of DNA directed RNA synthesis8, prevents the MC-stimulation of microsomal amino-acid incorporation and inhibits the MC-induced increases in benzpyrene hydroxylase activity9. These results indicate that the MC-induced changes in both amino-acid incorporation and benzpyrene hydroxylase activity are dependent on DNA directed RNA synthesis. Since ‘messenger RNA’ is synthesized by a DNA directed polymerase, these results suggested the possibility that MC may induce alterations in the production of ‘messenger RNA’.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


  1. 1

    Conney, A. H., Miller, E. C., and Miller, J. A., J. Biol. Chem., 228, 753 (1957).

  2. 2

    Conney, A. H., Gillete, J. R., Inscoe, S. K., Trams, E. G., and Posner, H. S., Science, 130, 1478 (1957).

  3. 3

    Gelboin, H. V., Miller, J. A., and Miller, E. C., Cancer Res., 19, 975 (1959).

  4. 4

    Von der Decken, A., and Hultin, T., Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 90, 201 (1960).

  5. 5

    Gelboin, H. V., and Sokoloff, L., Science, 134, 611 (1961).

  6. 6

    Gelboin, H. V. (in preparation).

  7. 7

    Conney, A. H. (personal communication).

  8. 8

    Reich, E., Franklin, R. M., Shatkin, A. J., and Tatum, E. L., Science 134, 556 (1961).

  9. 9

    Gelboin, H. V., and Blackburn, N., Biochim. Biophys. Acta (in the press).

  10. 10

    Barondes, S. H., Dingman, C. W., and Sporn, M. B., Nature, 196, 145 (1962).

  11. 11

    Matthaei, J. H., and Nirenberg, M. W., Proc. U.S. Nat. Acad Sci., 47, 1580 (1961).

  12. 12

    Wattenberg, L. W., and Leong, J. L., J. Histochem. and Cytochem., 10, 412 (1962).

  13. 13

    Monod, J., and Jacob, F., Cold Spring Harbor Symp., 28, 389 (1961).

  14. 14

    Boyland, E., On Cancer and Hormones, 137 (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill., 1962).

  15. 15

    Fleck, A., and Munro, H. N., Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 55, 571 (1962).

  16. 16

    Dische, Z., in The Nucleic Acids, edit. by Chargaff, E., and Davidson, J. N., 1, 287 (Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1955).

  17. 17

    Albaum, H. G., and Umbreit, W. W., J. Biol. Chem., 167, 369 (1947).

  18. 18

    Siekevitz, P., J. Biol. Chem., 195, 549 (1952).

  19. 19

    Ott, D. G., Richmond, C. R., Trujillo, T. T., and Formena, H., Nucleonics, 17, 106 (1959).

Download references

Author information


  1. Diagnostic Research Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland

    •  & H. V. GELBOIN


  1. Search for LAWRENCE A. LOEB in:

  2. Search for H. V. GELBOIN in:

About this article

Publication history

Issue Date




By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.