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Laminarinases in Soil and Litter Invertebrates

Naturevolume 199page1001 (1963) | Download Citation



LAMINARINASES, enzymes hydrolysing β-D-(1→3)-glu-cans, are widely distributed among micro-organisms1–3. Chesters and Bull1,2 examined their occurrence in 160 fungi. Eighty per cent of the species showed laminarinase activity. Fifty-six per cent of them had laminarinases of the endohydrolytic type (yielding laminaridextrins as initial products), 25 per cent of the exohydrolytic type (yielding glucose as the sole initial product and only later laminaridextrins), and 19 per cent were intermediary, with both laminarinase types.

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  1. 1

    Chesters, C. G. C., and Bull, A. T., Biochem. J., 86, 28 (1963).

  2. 2

    Chesters, C. G. C., and Bull, A. T., Biochem. J., 86, 31 (1963).

  3. 3

    Chesters, C. G. C., and Bull, A. T., Biochem. J., 86, 38 (1963).

  4. 4

    Myers, F. L., and Northcote, D. H., J. Exp. Biol., 35, 639 (1958).

  5. 5

    Bailey, R. W., and Clarke, R. T. J., Nature, 198, 787 (1963).

  6. 6

    Nielsen, C. O., Oikos, 13, 200 (1962).

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  1. Molslaboratoriet, Femmøller, Denmark



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