Letter | Published:

Investigation with the Electron Microscope of the Sublimation of Ice Crystals at Low Temperatures

Nature volume 192, pages 11771178 (23 December 1961) | Download Citation

Subjects

Abstract

INVESTIGATIONS of ice crystals by means of the electron microscope have been made by several investigators1–4, but most of them were based on replication techniques. Recently, Fernández-Morán5 reported the results obtained by low-temperature microscopy; he succeeded in stabilizing ice crystals deposited on a cold substrate by maintaining them at low temperatures during observation in the electron microscope with a microbeam of very low intensity. It was noted by him that the ice crystals were predominantly cubic and hexagonal in shape at −120° C. and at −100° to 90° C, respectively, and actually showed corresponding sharp-ring diffraction patterns.

Access optionsAccess options

Rent or Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

from$8.99

All prices are NET prices.

References

  1. 1.

    , J. App. Phys., 21, 61 (1950).

  2. 2.

    , and , Naval Med. Res. Inst. Proj. Rep., N M000 018.01.09, 13, 529 (1955).

  3. 3.

    , , , and , J. Phys. Soc. Japan, 11, 527 (1956).

  4. 4.

    , and , J. Electronmicroscopy, Chiba, 7, 21 (1959).

  5. 5.

    , Ann. New York Acad. Sci., 85, 689 (1960).

  6. 6.

    , Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 49, 426 (1961).

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

  1. Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University, Sapporo.

    • TOKIO NEI

Authors

  1. Search for TOKIO NEI in:

About this article

Publication history

Published

DOI

https://doi.org/10.1038/1921177a0

Comments

By submitting a comment you agree to abide by our Terms and Community Guidelines. If you find something abusive or that does not comply with our terms or guidelines please flag it as inappropriate.