Bond-Lengths in Solid Helium

Abstract

RECENTLY, Vignos and Fairbank1 reported the existence of a new solid phase of helium-4 which exists in a narrow range of pressure between 1.45° K. and 1.78° K. They have designated the new solid as the γ-phase. Its density is less than that of the α-phase (hexagonal closest packing) of helium with which it is contiguous. It is known2,3 that in helium-3 at a temperature almost as low, there is a phase transition in the solid from hexagonal closest packing to a less-dense phase which is body-centred cubic. Reasoning by analogy, the authors believe the new phase will be found to have the body-centred cubic, A2, structure.

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References

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    Vignos, J. H., and Fairbank, H. A., Phys. Rev. Letters, 6, 265 (1961).

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    Grilly, E. R., and Mills, R. L., Ann. Phys., 8, 1 (1959).

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    Schuch, A. F., Grilly, E. R., and Mills, R. L., Phys. Rev., 110, 775 (1958).

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    Pauling, L., J. Amer. Chem. Soc., 69, 542 (1947).

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    Swenson, C. A., Phys. Rev., 79, 626 (1950).

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SCHUCH, A. Bond-Lengths in Solid Helium. Nature 191, 591 (1961). https://doi.org/10.1038/191591a0

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