Letter | Published:

Induced Increase in Resistance of Entamoeba histolytica to Fumagillin

Naturevolume 191pages413414 (1961) | Download Citation

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Abstract

ALTHOUGH there has been much work on in vitro effects of various amœbicidal agents on Entamoeba histolytica, I have not found any published data dealing with the induced increase in resistance of this protozoan to amœbicidal agents. The antiamœbic activity of fumagillin was first studied by McCowen et al. 1 and was confirmed by Hrenoff and Nakamura2. Many workers have since studied the clinical efficacy of fumagillin in amœbiasis3–7. The present work was undertaken to determine the activity of fumagillin against a number of newly isolated strains of E. histolytica from a variety of clinical infections. Also, an attempt was made to increase resistance of these strains to this highly active amœbacidal antibiotic. The main reason for using fumagillin in these experiments is that it is not antibacterial in activity and therefore this agent can be studied in cultures of amœbæ growing in association with a mixed bacterial flora. The associated bacteria are required because E. histolytica cannot be cultivated axenically consistently. Furthermore, use of fumagillin minimizes the indirect activity of the drug on amœbæ since the bacterial flora apparently are unaffected, and the inhibition of the amœbæ can be considered as directly due to the antibiotic.

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References

  1. 1

    McCowen, M. C., Callender, M. E., and Lawlis, jun., J. F., Science, 113, 202 (1951).

  2. 2

    Hrenoff, A. K., and Nakamura, M., Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 77, 162 (1951).

  3. 3

    Anderson, H. H., Hrenoff, A. K., Anderson, J. van D., Nakamura, M., and Contopoulos, A. N., Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 1, 552 (1952).

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    Elsdon-Dew, R., Wilmot, A. J., and Armstrong, T. G., Lancet, 1180 (1953).

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    Jung, R. C., Garcia-Laverde, A., and Katz, F. F., Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 4, 989 (1955).

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    Killough, J. H., Magill, G. B., and Smith, R. C., Science, 115, 71 (1952).

  7. 7

    Killough, J. H., and Magill, G. B., Amer. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 3, 999 (1954).

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Author notes

  1. MITSURU NAKAMURA: Louisiana State University School of Medicine Research Fellow in Tropical Medicine and Parasitology (summer of 1960).

Affiliations

  1. Department of Microbiology, Montana State University, Missoula, Montana

    • MITSURU NAKAMURA

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https://doi.org/10.1038/191413a0

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